2022/04/14 更新

写真a

カワノ モトハル
河野 元治
KAWANO Motoharu
所属
理工学域理学系 理工学研究科(理学系) 理学専攻 地球科学プログラム 教授
職名
教授

学位

  • 博士(理学) ( 1994年2月   筑波大学 )

  • 理学修士 ( 1990年3月   鹿児島大学 )

研究キーワード

  • 粘土科学

  • 鉱物学

  • 地球物質科学

  • 風化

  • 粘土鉱物

  • 溶解

  • 析出

  • 微生物

  • 土壌

  • 含水珪酸塩

  • タンパク質

  • アミノ酸

  • weathering

  • soil

  • protein

  • precipitation

  • Hydrous silicates

  • dissolution

  • Clay minerals

  • amino acid

研究分野

  • 自然科学一般 / 固体地球科学  / 粘土鉱物学

  • 自然科学一般 / 地球生命科学  / バクテリア

  • 環境・農学 / 環境動態解析  / 環境鉱物

学歴

  • 鹿児島大学   理学研究科   地学専攻

    1988年4月 - 1990年3月

      詳細を見る

    国名: 日本国

  • 鹿児島大学   理学部   地学

    1981年4月 - 1986年3月

      詳細を見る

    国名: 日本国

経歴

  • 鹿児島大学   理工学域理学系 理工学研究科(理学系)   教授

    2014年4月 - 現在

  • 鹿児島大学   理工学研究科   教授

    2009年4月 - 2014年3月

  • 鹿児島大学   理学部   教授

    2005年4月 - 2009年3月

  • 鹿児島大学   農学部   准教授

    1998年7月 - 2005年3月

  • 鹿児島大学   農学部   助手

    1990年4月 - 1998年6月

所属学協会

  • 日本粘土学会(代表理事、副会長)

    2018年9月 - 2020年9月

  • 日本粘土学会(理事)

    2016年9月 - 2018年9月

  • Mineralogical Society of America

    2015年10月 - 現在

  • The Clay Minerals Society

    2015年10月 - 現在

  • 日本地球化学会

    2015年10月 - 現在

  • 日本鉱物学会(編集委員)

    2015年10月 - 現在

  • 日本粘土学会(常務委員長)

    2014年9月 - 2018年9月

  • 日本粘土学会(理事)

    2014年9月 - 2016年9月

  • 日本鉱物学会

  • 日本粘土学会

  • 日本地質学会

  • 日本地球化学会

  • アメリカ鉱物学会(Mineralogical Society of America)

  • アメリカ粘土鉱物学会(The Clay Minerals Society)

▼全件表示

委員歴

  • 日本鉱物学会   英文誌編集委員  

    2000年   

      詳細を見る

    団体区分:学協会

    日本鉱物学会

  • 日本粘土学会   常務委員,編集委員,評議員  

    1993年   

      詳細を見る

    団体区分:学協会

    日本粘土学会

 

論文

  • Kawano, M. and Kawaji D. .  Adsorption behavior of sulfate on poorly ordered aluminum hydroxide with or without surface complexation of low-molecular-weight organic acids .  Clay Science25   39 - 43   2021年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語  

    Scopus

  • Kawano Motoharu, Kawaji Daichi .  ADSORPTION BEHAVIOR OF SULFATE ON POORLY ORDERED ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE WITH OR WITHOUT SURFACE COMPLEXATION OF LOW-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT ORGANIC ACIDS .  Clay Science25 ( 3 ) 39 - 46   2021年

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    <p>The adsorption behavior of sulfate (SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2−</sup>) on pseudoboehmite with or without surface complexation of citrate, oxalate, and acetate was investigated to elucidate the effect of low-molecular-weight organic acids on their sulfate adsorption. The adsorption experiments were conducted using reaction systems containing 0.01 g of pseudoboehmite with or without organic complexation and 10.0 mL of a mixed solution consisting of 10, 100, or 1000 µmol/L sulfate and background electrolyte of 1.0 mmol/L NaCl at pH conditions ranging from 3 to 10. An attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared analysis (ATR-FTIR) was conducted to confirm the surface organic complexes, and geochemical calculations were performed to examine the reaction process in solution. The results indicated that sulfate adsorption on the pseudoboehmite with no organic complex (PBM-NO) increased progressively as solution pH decreased from 9 to 6, whereas the adsorbed amount decreased successively at pH <5 because of the formation of free Al-sulfate complex ions mainly as AlSO<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup> in this acidic region. The pseudoboehmite complexed with citrate (PBM-Cit) and oxalate (PBM-Oxa) exhibited lower sulfate adsorption than the PBM-NO due to the site blocking by the organic acids. However, the sulfate adsorption increased successively until the solution pH decreased to about 3 with no decrease in sulfate adsorption at pH <5 as observed in the PBM-NO. The ATR-FTIR and geochemical calculations indicated that the no decrease in sulfate adsorption was attributed to inhibition of the Al-sulfate complex formation due to the preferential complexation of dissolved free Al<sup>3+</sup> with citrate or oxalate molecules released from the surface of the PBM-Cit and PBM-Oxa. The pseudoboehmite complexed with acetate exhibited a sulfate adsorption behavior similar to that of the PBM-NO due to the low complexation ability of acetate with the pseudoboehmite surface.</p>

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience.MS-21-10

  • KAWANO, M. and MAEDA, T. .  Impact of selenite, arsenate, and silicate oxyanions on the polymorphism and precipitation rate of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Journal of Crystal Growth   2020年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevior  

  • Kawano M. .  Enhancement of amorphous silica dissolution by interaction with six-membered ring heterocyclic compounds .  Clays and Clay Minerals67 ( 5 ) 450 - 459   2019年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1007/s42860-019-00045-w

    Scopus

  • Kawano M. and Yamada, E. .  Adsorption of Cs+ and IO3- ions by pseudoboehmite before and after the decomposition of citrate adsorbed on its surface .  Clays and Clay Minerals66 ( 4 ) 370 - 378   2018年8月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2018.064105

    Scopus

  • Miyashita, M., Yamada, E., and Kawano, M. .  Influence of low-molecular-weight dicarboxylic acids on the formation of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Science113   207 - 217   2018年7月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences  

  • Kawano, M. and Miyashita, M. .  Influence of glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid on the precipitation rate and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Clay Science22 ( 1 ) 19 - 27   2018年3月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    その他リンク: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jcssjclayscience/-char/ja/

  • Kawano, M. and Miyashita, M. .  Influence of glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid on the precipitation rate and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Clay Science22 ( 1 ) 19 - 27   2018年査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience.22.1_19

  • Motoharu Kawano, Mako Miyashita .  Effect of phosphate and sulfate on the precipitation rate and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Clay Science21 ( 4 ) 71 - 78   2017年12月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tokonami, M. .  Synthesis of calcite and aragonite, and quantitative evaluation of amino acid adsorption on their surfaces .  Clay Science18 ( 2 ) 33 - 41   2014年6月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tokonami, M. .  Effect of organic acids on the precipitation rate and polymorph of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions. .  Clay Science18 ( 1 ) 1 - 10   2014年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tokonami, M. .  Effect of organic acids on the precipitation rate and polymorph of calcium carbonate minerals in solutions with Mg2+ ions .  Clay Science18 ( 1 ) 1 - 10   2014年査読

     詳細を見る

  • Kawano, M. and Tokonami, M. .  Synthesis of calcite and aragonite, and quantitative evaluation of amino acid adsorption on their surfaces .  Clay Science18 ( 2 ) 33 - 41   2014年査読

     詳細を見る

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Microbial enhancement of the dissolution rates of kaolinite by interaction of heterotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens .  Clay Science15   33 - 41   2011年5月招待 査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Roles of microbial acidic polysaccharides in precipitation rate and polymorph of calcium carbonate minerals .  Applied Clay Science51   484 - 490   2011年3月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M .  Interaction of extracellular proteins on the surface of amorphous silica .  Clay Science15 ( 3 ) 139 - 145   2011年査読

     詳細を見る

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Microbial enhancement of the dissolution rates of kaolinite by interaction of heterotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens .  Clay Science15 ( 1 ) 33 - 41   2011年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience.15.1_33

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Influence of gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens on the precipitation rates and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals .  Clay Science14   177 - 185   2010年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Enhancement of dissolution rates of amorphous silica by interaction with bovine serum albumin at different pH conditions .  Clays and Clay Minerals58   272 - 279   2010年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Biochemical effects of the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris on the precipitation rates and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals .  Clay Science14   219 - 227   2010年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Influence of guanidine, imidazole, and some heterocyclic compounds on dissolution rates of amorphous silica .  Clays and Clay Minerals58   757 - 765   2010年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Biochemical effects of the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris on the precipitation rates and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals .  Clay Science14 ( 6 ) 219 - 227   2010年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience.14.6_219

  • Kawano, M. and Hwang, J. .  Influence of gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens on the precipitation rates and polymorphism of calcium carbonate minerals .  Clay Science14 ( 5 ) 177 - 185   2010年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience.14.5_177

  • Kawano, M., Hatta, T. and Hwang, J. .  Enhancement of dissolution rates of amorphous silica by interaction with amino acids in solution at pH4 .  Clays and Clay Minerals57   161 - 167   2009年6月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • 河野元治,小保方寿峰 .  温泉水中でのシアノバクテリアによる炭酸カルシウム鉱物の生成促進と多形への影響 .  粘土科学46   156 - 168   2007年11月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Obokata, S. .  The effect of amino acids on the dissolution rates of amorphous silica in near-neutral solution .  Clays and Clay Minerals ( 55 ) 361 - 368   2007年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • 河野 元治, 小保方 寿峰 .  温泉水中でのシアノバクテリアによる炭酸カルシウム鉱物の生成促進と多形への影響 .  粘土科学46 ( 3 ) 156 - 168   2007年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Geochemical and mineralogical investigations of CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> precipitation in Anraku hot spring of Kagoshima Prefecture were carried out to evaluate the effects of cyanobacteria on precipitation rates and polymorphism of CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> minerals. The CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> precipitates form surface sediments of the hot spring along water passage about 5m length and 10m width. These CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> sediments consist mainly of aragonite (70-88 wt.%) with variable amounts of calcite, on which cyanobacterial biofilms were developed. Chemical analysis of the hot spring water collected along the water passage with intervals of 1.5m indicated that the water was highly supersaturated with respect to both aragonite and calcite with SI (log (<I>IAP/K</I>))=0.7-1.4. Such high SI values seem to be achieved mainly by the result of abiotic CO<SUB>2</SUB> degassing and also by CO<SUB>2</SUB> removal due to photosynthesis of cyanobacteria. To evaluate the effect of cyanobacteria, we performed experimental synthesis of CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> minerals using the hot spring water in the systems with and without cyanobacteria (<I>Phormidium</I> sp.) isolated from the hot spring. The experiment was conducted at 25&deg; for 10days under 4, 000Lx light condition. Results of the comparative experiment, it was found that the precipitation rates of CaCO<SUB>3</SUB> in biotic system were enhanced by 1.9 to 32 times compared with the abiotic system due to the cyanobacterial photosynthesis which cause rapid increase in solution pH and also in saturation states. In addition, extent of aragonite formation was greatly induced up to 94-97 wt.% relative to abiotic system by possibly interaction with acidic proteins released from the cyanobacterial cells into the solution.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.46.156

  • 河野 元治, 小保方 寿峰, 富田 克利 .  シュベルトマナイトの表面反応サイトとイオン吸着モデリング .  粘土科学45 ( 4 ) 223 - 232   2006年8月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Surface complexation model of Pb(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), As(V), Cr(VI), F(I), and B(III)ions on the surface of schwertmannite was examined with the fitting program FITEQL. Total numbers of surface sites and their protonation and deprotonation constants were initially determined by acid-base titration data with FITEQL analysis. Then, ion adsorption experiments were performed and the resulting adsorption data were used for modeling of the surface complexation. Results indicate that the cationic ions (Pb(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II)) were strongly adsorped at pH>6-8 by complexation with the negatively charged surface sites. Whereas the anionic ions (As(V), Cr(VI), F(I)) were adsorped progressively with decreasing pH due to complexation with the positively charged sites. These adsorption properties on the schwertmannite surface were evaluated by complexation equilibrium constants of the surface species. In addition, effect of adsorped ions on the stability of schwertmannite structure was investigated by aging at 50℃. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that adsorption of As(V) inhibited strongly phase transition to goethite.

  • 井上 厚行, 河野 元治, 桑原 義博, 小崎 完, 小峯 秀雄, 佐藤 努, 月村 勝宏 .  高レベル放射性廃棄物地層処分におけるベントナイト緩衝材変質現象に関する最近の研究と今後の研究展開 .  粘土科学45 ( 1 ) 31 - 61   2005年11月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

  • 河野元治 .  微生物起源有機分子に対するスメクタイトの安定性 .  人工バリアの長期安定性、長期耐食性評価に関する調査研究・財団法人原子力安全研究協会   131 - 147   2005年9月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • 井上厚行,河野元治,桑原義博,小崎完,小峯秀雄,佐藤努,月村勝宏 .  高レベル放射性廃棄物地層処分におけるベントナイト緩衝材変質現象に関する最近の研究と今後の研究展開 .  粘土科学45   31 - 61   2005年5月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Tomita, K. and Kawano, M. .  Synthesis of smectite from pyroclastic flow deposit .  Proceedings of an International Symposium on Minerals and Materials   96 - 106   2004年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)  

  • 香月裕宣,富田克利,尾辻 充,河野元治,恒富赳彦 .  温泉地すべりにおけるすべり面と粘土鉱物の関係;花合野の場合 .  粘土科学44   1 - 11   2004年8月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Rates of bacterially promoted dissolution of amorphous silica under no-nutrient conditions .  Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction   1305 - 1308   2004年6月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)  

  • Tomita, K. and Kawano, M. .  Synthesis of smectite from igneous rock at atmospheric pressure .  Clay Science11   585 - 599   2004年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • 河野元治 .  スメクタイトの溶解に及ぼす腐植物質及び微生物の影響 .  人工バリアの長期安定性、長期耐食性評価に関する調査研究及び技術レビュー・財団法人原子力安全研究協会   44 - 64   2004年3月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Aleta Dennis Gerald A., Tomita Katsutoshi, Aleta Josephine T., LUPO Elena S., KAWANO Motoharu .  Clay Mineralogical Study of the Pliocene-Pleistocene Carcar Formation and the Quaternary Alluvium in Consolacion-Liloan, Cebu Province, Philippines .  鹿児島大学理学部紀要 ( 36 ) 59 - 77   2003年12月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:鹿児島大学  

    The Pliocene-Pleistocene Carcar Formation and the Quaternary Alluvium are two major lithologies that rim the entire island province of Cebu. The Carcar Formation (CaF) is predominantly limestone rock mass characterized by rolling to hilly topography while the Quaternary Alluvium (QA1) is generally unconsolidated sedimentary deposit on coastal plain marked by low relief and undulating landscape. Mineralogical examinations of the vertisolic soil/clay horizons that mantle these rock formations were conducted to identify and characterize the nature of clay minerals using X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX). Analytical qualitative results show that the clays derived from the Carcar Formation are chiefly smectite-rich assemblage with supplemental association of mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite. Clays from the Quaternary Alluvium are the same as in the CaF, however, mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite in the QA1 appears relatively richer than in the CaF. Quantitative estimates by computer simulation yield slight to moderate variations in the proportions of kaolinite and smectite in the mixed-layer phase, and correlatively, the degree of ordering is determined to be random in both CaF and QA1 clay assemblages. Kaolinite content participating in the interstratified phase is discerned to be diagnostically higher in the alluvium than in the limestone. Calcite impurities occur greater in clays sourced from the Carcar Formation and are found comparatively rarer in the Quaternary Alluvium. Quartz is noted to be frequently present in minor to moderate amounts in both lithologies but is generally more persistent in the QA1. The mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite phase is observed in both CaF and QA1 and revealed that it is not an exotic clay phase exclusively confined in the red-burning clay area. Illite or illitic facies is found only in the QA1 and is envisaged as authigenically or neogenically formed. Smectite with high rehydration capacity is recorded only in the CaF and is believed to be a result of its structure and beidellitic composition.

  • Aleta Dennis Gerald A., Tomita Katsutoshi, Miel Julius Z., LUPO Elena S., KAWANO Motoharu, KITAMURA Ryosuke .  Clay Mineralogy of the Middle Miocene Paghumayan Formation, Vallehermoso, Negros Oriental, Philippines .  鹿児島大学理学部紀要 ( 35 ) 31 - 47   2002年12月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:鹿児島大学  

    Clay minerals of stratified tuff and mudrocks of the Middle Miocene Paghumayan Formation in Vallehermoso, Negros Oriental, Philippines were examined. The results showed homogeneity of clay mineralogy in the sedimentary sequence with single-phase smectite as the dominant phyllosilicate present and with little association of kaolinite. Feldspar, zeolite, cristobalite, quartz and calcite are typical non-sheeted accessories that yield to some mineral assemblages along with smectite. The signature mineral assemblage is smectite-feldspar-zeolite-silica. The smectite is of the dioctahedral montmorillonite type, the feldspar is plagioclase and the zeolite is of the clinoptilolite or heulandite species. Between the silica polymorphs, cristobalite is more prevalent than quartz in most of the assemblages. One sample is detected to contain almost entirely of crystalline calcite with smectite which authenticate the presence of calcareous horizon or several horizons intercalated with the tuff and mud beds. The minerals and mineral assemblages formation is strongly implicit of halmyrolysis in continuum with early diagenesis in a closed system submarine environ and envisaged to have been induced favorably by calcic-silicic-alkalic, moderate pH, and low-temperature-pressure conditions of shallow burial sedimentation.

  • Aleta Dennis Gerald A., Tomita Katsutoshi, Aleta Josephine T., LUCERO Abraham R., KAWANO Motoharu .  Clay Mineralogy of the Weathered Materials from the Serpentinized Peridotite in Minglanilla, Cebu Province, Philippines .  鹿児島大学理学部紀要 ( 35 ) 17 - 30   2002年12月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:鹿児島大学  

    Serpentinized peridotite is an ultramafic rock that intrudes, during Cretaceous time, as widely scattered diapiric bodies along the principal fault zones of central Cebu, Philippines. This rock is exposed to chemical weathering in tropical conditions and through the leaching reactions leave a friable mantle of in situ regolithic materials. It is envisaged that the serpentine was derived from a pyroxene-rich peridotite. The <2μm clay fraction of four regolithic materials obtained from this rockmass in Camp 7,Minglanilla were examined by means of x-ray diffractometry (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX). Results of analyses showcase the polymineralic and heterogeneous nature of the weathered specimens with serpentine predominating, and could be differentiated possibly into two distinct assemblages. The first assemblage consists principally of serpentine-talc-chlorite-smectite and the second assemblage consists of serpentine-chlorite-smectite. Kaolinite is present in trace amounts in both suites. It is strongly perceived that these secondary minerals are genetic products from cadence of chemical alterations of primary ferromagnesian minerals particularly orthopyroxenes and clinopyroxenes. The two assemblages appear to interpret the weathering reaction stages that the hypermelanic peridotite protolith had undergone. The first assemblage possibly corresponds to saprock (friable rock zone) which suggests the earlier stage and lesser intensity of weathering while the second assemblage possibly relates to saprolite (argillized solifluxed zone) which indicates the more advanced and greater intensity of weathering. The transition from the first assemblage to the second assemblage appears telescoping as indicated by the gradating loss of talc in the system. Both assemblages appear highly magnesian, ferruginous, siliceous and non-aluminous.

  • Tomita, K. and Kawano, M. .  ynthesis of smectite from igneous rock at atmospheric pressure .  Clay science11 ( 6 ) 585 - 599   2002年6月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語  

  • Aleta, D.G., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Mineralogical and geological implications of clays from the tertiary cebu formation, Cebu Province, Philippines .  Clay Science 12   1 - 10   2002年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Microbiotic formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environment of a pyroclastic deposit .  Clays and Clay Minerals50   98 - 110   2002年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Shiraki, K., Kawamura, K., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Stability of 1-layer polytype of kaolin by means of molecular dynamics simulation .  Clay Science11   601 - 614   2002年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Microbiotic formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environment of a pyroclastic deposit .  Clays and Clay Minerals50 ( 1 ) 99 - 110   2002年2月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.1346/000986002761002865

    Scopus

  • Tomita, K. and Kawano, M .  Synthesis of smectite from igneous rocks at atmospheric pressure. .  Clay Science11 ( 6 ) 585 - 599   2002年招待 査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.11.585

  • Mojares, E.M., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Characterization of 2M pyrophyllite associated with argillic alteration in steam-heated environment, Solo, Mabini, Philippines .    96 ( 3 ) 109 - 119   2001年6月招待

     詳細を見る

  • Kawano M. .  Microbial biomineralization in weathered volcanic ash deposit and formation of biogenic minerals by experimental incubation .  American Mineralogist86 ( 4 ) 400 - 410   2001年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:American Mineralogist  

    DOI: 10.2138/am-2001-0403

    Scopus

  • 河野 元治 .  粘土鉱物の生成 .  粘土科学40 ( 3 ) 197 - 211   2001年2月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.40.197

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  TEM-EDX study of weathered layers on the surface of volcanic glass, bytownite, and hypersthene in volcanic ash from Sakurajima volcano .  American Mineralogist86   284 - 292   2001年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Microbial biomineralization in weathered volcanic ash deposit and formation of biogenic minerals by experimental incubation .  American Mineralogist86   400 - 410   2001年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Bacterial formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environments .  Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Water- Rock Interaction   1445 - 1448   2001年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Geochemical modeling of bacterially induced mineralization of schwertmannite and jarosite in sulfuric acid spring water .  American Mineralogist 86   1156 - 1165   2001年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Mojares E. .  Characterization of 2M pyrophyllite associated with argillic alteration in steam-heated environment, Solo, Mabini, Philippines .  Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences96 ( 3 ) 109 - 119   2001年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences  

    DOI: 10.2465/jmps.96.109

    Scopus

  • Kawano M. .  TEM-EDX study of weathered layers of the surface of volcanic glass, bytownite, and hypersthene in volcanic ash from Sakurajima volcano, Japan .  American Mineralogist86 ( 3 ) 284 - 292   2001年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:American Mineralogist  

    DOI: 10.2138/am-2001-2-311

    Scopus

  • Kawano M. .  Geochemical modeling of bacterially induced mineralization of schwertmannite and jarosite in sulfuric acid spring water .  American Mineralogist86 ( 10 ) 1156 - 1165   2001年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:American Mineralogist  

    DOI: 10.2138/am-2001-1005

    Scopus

  • Aleta, D.G.A., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Mineralogical descriptions of the bentonite in Balamban, Cebu Province, Philippines .  Clay science11 ( 3 ) 299 - 316   2000年12月査読

  • モハレス エドウィン・M., 富田 克利, 河野 元治 .  フィリッピン,マビニ,ソロの蒸気熱環境下での粘土化変質に伴って産する混合層鉱物のキャラクタリゼーション .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌95 ( 2 ) 37 - 57   2000年2月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    マビニのソロで,安山岩質岩石の熱水粘土化作用によって形成された変質ハローの中にアルミニウムに富む粘土鉱物を構成成分とする混合層鉱物が見出された。この粘土化変質は,低硫化熱水系中の塩素ガスが溜まっているゾーンか酸性の蒸気熱環境域の上部に見られる。混合層鉱物を多く含む部分には,微細結晶のカオリナイトと鉄明ばん石を伴って多くのイライト/スメクタイト型混合層鉱物(I/S)と少量の二八面体型クロライト/スメクタイト型混合層鉱物(C/S)が認められる。これらの鉱物は,変質ハローの中の内帯に存するカオリナイトースメクタイト帯と周辺部に存するクロライトーイライト帯の中間に産する。<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;アルミニウム質イライトとスメクタイトの混合層鉱物には,構成するそれぞれの鉱物層の比率およびそれらの継続確率,化学組成,結晶形態にいろいろ違いがみられた。これらの変化は,混合層鉱物がスメクタイトからイライトに変化する過程で種々の段階で形成されたためである。この変化過程における混合層鉱物の形成は必ずしも連続的ではなく,ライヒバイテ<i>R</i>=0 (>55% スメクタイト)から<i>R</i>=1 (50&sim;20% スメクタイト),そして最終的には<i>R</i>=2 (<20% スメクタイト)に変化している。I/S (65%&sim;10% スメクタイト)中のスメクタイト% は,カオリナイト/スメメクタイト帯から離れるにしたがって減少している。K<sub>2</sub>Oの値は,クロライトーイライト帯に近づくほど増加している。アルミニウム質クロライト/スメクタイト混合層鉱物は,変質ハローの中には少量みられるだけである。スメクタイトからイライトへの変換の過程で生成される混合層鉱物の生成機構は,安山岩質岩石から溶脱されたAlやK<sup>+</sup> を含んだ熱水溶液とスメクタイトの反応で形成されたものと考えられる。

    DOI: 10.2465/ganko.95.37

  • Aleta, D.G.A., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Mineralogical descriptions of the bentonite in Balamban, Cebu Province, Philippines .  Clay Science11   299 - 316   2000年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Mojares, E.M. , Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Characterization of interstratified minerals associated with argillic alteration in steam-heated environment at Solo, Mabini, Philippines .  Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology95   37 - 57   2000年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Gang, P., Kawano, M., and Miyauchi, N. .  Morphological and elemental changes on the surface of volcanic ash particles in the earlist weathering stages in relation with development of negative charge .  Pedologist44   91 - 98   2000年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • ALETA DENNIS GERALD A., TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Mineralogical Descriptions of the Bentonite in Balamban, Cebu Province, Philippines. .  Clay Science11 ( 3 ) 299 - 316   2000年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    The clay mineralogy of bentonite in Balamban, Cebu Province, Philippines was studied. Specimens were randomly collected from lenticular seams of bentonite concordantly intercalated with sequences of calcareous and tuffaceous shale and sandstone of the Middle Miocene Toledo Formation. Multiple analytical techniques of the <2&mu;m size fraction reveal that smectite is the dominant clay constitution of the bentonite. Minor association of mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite, kaolin, and mica is indicative. Diagenetic facies of calcium-rich bentonite and cristobalite-rich bentonite are diagnostic features. Non-phyllosilicate components are mainly quartz, feldspar, cristobalite, calcite, and zeolite. Volcanic glass shards, considered as the precursor material, occur sporadically in the clay-dominated matrix. Calcareous microfossils or nanofossils also exist as subordinate impurities.<BR>Rehydration capacity of the calcium-rich bentonite was observed to be generally greater than the cristobalite-rich bentonite.<BR>Bentonite formation is ascribed to be generated by halmyrolysis of the volcanic glass fragments contained in the vitric tuff exhalative unit of the Toledo Formation. The devitrification and transformation of the glass into nearly pure smectitic clay suite apparently ensued in a marine environment. Diagenetic formation of the calcium-rich facies appears syngenetic with the accumulation of the volcanic ash in saline waters while the cristobalite-rich facies appears authigenic, constituting the silica-rich layers.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.11.299

  • Peng Gang, Kawano Motoharu, Miyauchi Nobufumi .  Morphological and Elemental Changes on the Surface of Volcanic Ash Particles in the Earliest Weathering Stage in Relation with Development of Negative Charge .  ペドロジスト44 ( 2 ) 91 - 98   2000年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本ペドロジー学会  

    DOI: 10.18920/pedologist.44.2_91

  • Aleta, D.G.A., Tomita, K., and Kawano, M. .  Mineralogical and characterization studies of the mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite clay deposit in Liloan, Cebu Province, Philippines .  Clay science11 ( 1 ) 11 - 29   1999年12月査読

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  南九州に分布する流紋岩質火砕流堆積物中の風化生成物の生成と変化 .  地質学雜誌105 ( 10 ) 699 - 710   1999年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本地質学会  

    南九州に分布する流紋岩質火砕流堆積物の風化過程での元素の挙動および風化生成物の生成と変化について検討した.風化プロフィルでの陽イオン移動度はNa>Ca>K>Si>Fe>Al>Ti>Mn.風化生成物はエリオナイト, ハロイサイト, 非晶質Al-Si-Fe物質, 非晶質Mn物質を主体とする.難移動性を示すFeおよびMnは風化初期段階に生成される非晶質Al-Si複合体の構造中に取り込まれ, ドメイン構造の発達によるハロイサイトへの結晶化過程で溶液中に放出される.一方, エリオナイトの化学組成は表層から深部方向にSi/(Al+Fe<SUP>3-</SUP>+Ti)比が増加することから, 風化に伴う陽イオンの移動度とほぼ一致した傾向を示すが, 個々の結晶では著しい組成変動が認められる.この組成変動は風化プロフィル中での極微小環境の化学的条件の違いを反映したものと思われる.

    DOI: 10.5575/geosoc.105.699

  • Mojares, E.M., Tomita, K., Villanueva, A.A., Miranda, R.J., and Kawano, M. .  Clay mineralogy and chemistry of alteration halos associated with gypsum vein deposits from Mainit area, Mabini geothermal field, Calumpan Peninsula, Philippines .  Clay Science10   541 - 568   1999年10月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Formation and evolution of weathering products in rhyolitic pyroclastic flow deposit, southern Kyushu, Japan .  Journal of Geological Society of Japan105   699 - 710   1999年4月査読

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

  • ALETA DENNIS G. A., TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Mineralogical and characterization studies of the mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite clay deposit in Liloan, Cebu province, Philippines. .  Clay Science11 ( 1 ) 11 - 29   1999年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite minerals constitute the principal clay assemblage in the Quaternary alluvium type red-burning clay resource in Liloan, Cebu, Philippines, based on analytical testworks employing x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG), infrared (IR) absorption spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) performed on several clay samples obtained from the area. Careful examination of diffraction curves indicate that the main constituent mineral is randomly interstratified kaolinite/smectite. Computer-simulated x-ray diffractograms of the mixed-layer kaolinite/smectite show good agreement with the observed x-ray diagrams in (001) and (002) basal reflections. Calculated values derived from simulation, moreover, illustrate the ratio of kaolinite to smectite to be generally higher at surface horizon but gradually becomes of almost equal proportion at depth. The slight variability in ratio may be linked to the effect or degree of differential weathering. Quartz and feldspar are ubiquitous accessory minerals detected in the non-clay fraction.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.11.11

  • Tomita, K. and Kawano, M. .  Crystal structure of dehydroxylated 2M1 sericite and its relationship with mixed-layer mica/smectite .  Clay science10 ( 5 ) 423 - 441   1998年12月査読

  • TOMITA Katsutoshi, KAWANO Motoharu .  SYNTHESIS OF SMECTITE FROM SOME CLAYS AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE .  Clay science10 ( 5 ) 395 - 407   1998年12月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Smectite was formed from some clays, such as pyrophyllite, kaolinite, sericite and talc by reaction with NaOH solution at 100℃ under atmospheric pressure.Smectite was formed well under the condition that the concentration of NaOH was near 2M〜3M.Furthermore, when the reaction time involved is within 50 days, the amount of starting material should be less than 0.5g in 100ml solution to form smectite.

  • TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, SHIRAKI KOICHI, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Crystal Structure of Dehydroxylated 2M1 Sericite and Its Relationship with Mixed-Layer Mica/Smectite. .  Clay Science10 ( 5 ) 423 - 441   1998年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Crystal structure of dehydroxylated 2M<SUB>1</SUB> sericite from Goto mine, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan was investigated, and was compared with the crystal structure of unheated 2M<SUB>1</SUB> sericite. The crystal structure of the dehydroxylated 2M<SUB>1</SUB> sericite showed different site cation occupancies in interlayers. Density distribution in interlayers showed alternating different densities. It was confirmed that the formation of regularly interstratified mica/smectite from the dehydroxylated 2M<SUB>1</SUB> sericite is attributed to the crystal structure of dehydroxylated 2M<SUB>1</SUB> sericite.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.10.423

  • TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Synthesis of Smectite from Some Clays at Atmospheric Pressure. .  Clay Science10 ( 5 ) 395 - 407   1998年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Smectite was formed from some clays, such as pyrophyllite, kaolinite, sericite and talc by reaction with NaOH solution at 100&deg;C under atmospheric pressure. Smectite was formed well under the condition that the concentration of NaOH was near 2M-3M. Furthermore, when the reaction time involved is within 50 days, the amount of starting material should be less than 0.5g in 100ml solution to form smectite.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.10.395

  • 河野 元治 .  オーストラリア国立大学における粘土鉱物研究 .  粘土科学37 ( 1 ) 17 - 20   1997年7月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

  • Mojares, E. M., Tomita, K., Diezmo, E. M., Panerio, L. J., and Kawano, M. .  Characteristics and Occurrence of Smectitic Soil Clay Found in the Argillic Subsoil B-Horizon in Pacabit-Madulao Area, Catanauan, Quezon Province, Philippines. .  Clay Science10 ( 3 ) 271 - 290   1997年査読

     詳細を見る

  • MOJARES Edwin, TOMITA Katsutoshi, RIFARDI, OKI Kimihiko, KAWANO Motoharu .  QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF DETRITAL CLAY MINERALS IN THE SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF SOUTH YATSUSHIRO KAI, JAPAN .  Clay science10 ( 1 ) 95 - 112   1996年12月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Quantitative estimation of clay minerals in the clay fractions of the surface sediment samples from South Yatsushiro Kai is obtained from the X-ray diffraction patterns of the clay mineral suite that contains illite, chlorite, kaolinite, smectite and 10Å halloysite. Among the clay species, illite and chlorite are exceptionally abundant and they comprise more than 60% of the total clay minerals present in most sediments. Relative amounts of other clay minerals varies markedly with locality particularly kaolinite and 10Å halloysite and they tend to concentrate only near the point source except smectite which has a more unique behavior of transport and settling characteristics than other minerals. The relatively high supply of land-derived materials from various rock lithology surrounding South Yatsushiro Kai is the dominant contributing factor in outlining the trend of clay mineral distribution. Most, if not all, clay minerals are believed to be current-transported which shows that bottom water flow and shallow water currents are significant agents responsible for the distribution of various clay minerals.

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  水熱反応による火山ガラス粉末からのカオリナイトの合成 .  粘土科学36 ( 1 ) 9 - 21   1996年7月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Experimental syntheses of kaolinite from powdered volcanic glass were performed using distilled water, 0.01N acetic acid solution, 0.01N, 0.05N, and 0.1N HCl solutions, and the same concentrations of HCl containing Al ions at 200℃ for a period of 1 to 30 days. X-ray powder diffraction confirmed that kaolinite was formed in all acid solutions of acetic acid and HCl, and smectite was produced in distilled water. The amount of kaolinite formed in HCl solutions containing Al ions reached above 50% of the residual solid, whereas that formed in solutions without Al ions was relatively less than 40%. Based on the stability diagram for the system of SiO_2-Al_2O_3-Na_2O-H_2O, it was observed that the compositions of acid solutions agree with the stable field of kaolinite, whereas that of the distilled water changed to a stable field of smectite due to rapid increase in pH. The pH values of acid solutions at which kaolinite was formed went down from 4.42 to 1.04 range The morphology and crystallinity of kaolinite appeared to be strongly dependent on the pH values. Spherical kaolinite was formed in acid solution with the highest pH value of 4.42, however irregular or lath shaped kaolinites tend to appear with decreasing pH, and hexagonal platy kaolinite was produced at the lowest pH value of 1.04. The spherical and hexagonal platy kaolinites formed at both conditions of the highest and lowest pH exhibited extremely high crystallinity, whereas kaolinites formed at pH values between 4.42 to 1.04 showed quite lower crystallinity.

  • 河野 元治 .  地殻表層の風化環境で生成される非晶質物質 .  鉱物学雜誌25 ( 3 ) 111 - 124   1996年7月査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者   出版者・発行元:日本鉱物学会  

  • 富田 克利, 河野 元治, 白木 康一, 大塚 裕之 .  鹿児島県西之表市の形之山層に産する硫黄含有リンカイ石 .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌91 ( 1 ) 11 - 20   1996年1月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本岩石鉱物鉱床学会  

  • CARRANZA CELESTINA U., TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, OKI KIMIHIKO, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Clay Minerals in the Bottom Sediments from Kagoshima Bay, South Kyushu, Japan. .  Clay Science9 ( 6 ) 317 - 334   1996年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Semi-quantitative analysis of the clay minerals in the bottom sediment samples from Kagoshima Bay was carried out to determine the distribution trends of the clay minerals and its relationship with the geology of the study area as well as certain physico-chemical conditions within the bay. The study utilized various methods such as XRD, DTA, IR and SEM. The clay minerals identified are 10&Aring;-halloysite, illite, smectite, kaolinite and chlorite. Non-clay mineral components are feldspar, quartz, cristobalite, gypsum, calcite and pyrite. 10&Aring;-halloysite is the most abundant clay mineral. Illite, smectite and kaolinite are the next abundant. Chlorite is the least common. Non-clay are also widely distributed in the sediments of Kagoshima bay. Feldspar, quartz, cristobalite and pyrite are common throughout the bay while calcite and gypsum vary in distribution.<BR>Based on the geology of the surrounding area, it has been shown that the terrigenous supply represents the dominant agent responsible for the distribution of the clay minerals. Certain environmental conditions, however are considered minor mechanisms that influence clay mineral distribution. The clay minerals were transported with feldspar, quartz and cristobalite.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.9.317

  • 富田 克利, 河野 元治, 白木 康一, 大塚 裕之 .  鹿児島県西之表市の形之山層に産する硫黄含有リンカイ石 .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌91 ( 1 ) 11 - 20   1996年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    西之表市に分布する形之山層の頁岩中に,小さな塊状のリンカイ石が産出する。この塊は,固く,一見頁岩のノジュールのようにみえる。リンカイ石は硫黄を含んでおり,この硫黄含有リンカイ石について,鉱物学的データを得た。形之山層にリンカイ石が産することから,この頁岩層は多くの哺乳動物や魚類の骨と一緒に堆積し,堆積後の続成作用の過程で,この頁岩層と哺乳動物や魚類の骨との反応で生成したと考えられる。

    DOI: 10.2465/ganko.91.11

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  水熱反応による火山ガラス粉末からのカオリナイトの合成 .  粘土科学36 ( 1 ) 9 - 21   1996年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Experimental syntheses of kaolinite from powdered volcanic glass were performed using distilled water, 0.01N acetic acid solution, 0.01N, 0.05N, and 0.1N HCl solutions, and the same concentrations of HCl containing Al ions at 200&deg;C for a period of 1 to 30 days. X-ray powder diffraction confirmed that kaolinite was formed in all acid solutions of acetic acid and HCl, and smectite was produced in distilled water. The amount of kaolinite formed in HCl solutions containing Al ions reached above 50% of the residual solid, whereas that formed in solutions without Al ions was relatively less than 40%. Based on the stability diagram for the system of Si0<SUB>2</SUB>-Al<SUB>2</SUB>0<SUB>3</SUB>-Na<SUB>2</SUB>0-H<SUB>2</SUB>O, it was observed that the compositions of acid solutions agree with the stable field of kaolinite, whereas that of the distilled water changed to a stable field of smectite due to rapid increase in pH. The pH values of acid solutions at which kaolinite was formed went down from 4.42 to 1.04 range The morphology and crystallinity of kaolinite appeared to be strongly dependent on the pH values. Spherical kaolinite was formed in acid solution with the highest pH value of 4.42, however irregular or lath shaped kaolinites tend to appear with decreasing pH, and hexagonal platy kaolinite was produced at the lowest pH value of 1.04. The spherical and hexagonal platy kaolinites formed at both conditions of the highest and lowest pH exhibited extremely high crystallinity, whereas kaolinites formed at pH values between 4.42 to 1.04 showed quite lower crystallinity.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.36.9

  • 河野 元治 .  地殻表層の風化環境で生成される非晶質物質 .  鉱物学雜誌25 ( 3 ) 111 - 124   1996年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    Clay minerals are major constituents of the earth's surface materials and are widely distributed as weathering products of interior materials of the earth crust. It is well known that the clay minerals play an important role in environmental processes through its high reactivity with both inorganic and organic ions and/or molecules. Therefore, more studies concerning the earth's surface materials involving clay minerals are strongly required to understand the environments of life support systems. Generally, clay minerals can be divided into the following two categories; 1) crystalline materials, and 2) noncrystalline materials. Extensive studies have been conducted on mineralogy of the crystalline materials, whereas little is known for the noncrystalline materials. In this paper, the author reviews noncrystalline materials formed in weathering environments on the earth crust, and shows some examples of noncrystalline materials formed by natural weathering and artificial hydrothermal reactions. Two different natural materials are described; one is weathering products formed on the surface of volcanic glass in Ito pyroclastic flow deposit, the other is precipitates on the surface of K-feldspar in Yakushima granite. The noncrystalline materials formed by artificial hydrothermal reactions are products of the reaction between volcanic glass and aqueous solution, and precipitates in a oneelemental system of Al and a two-elemental system of Al-Si.

    DOI: 10.2465/gkk1952.25.111

  • MOJARES EDWIN M., TOMITA KATSUTOSHI, RIFARDI, OKI KIMIHIKO, KAWANO MOTOHARU .  Quantitative Estimation and Distribution of Detrital Clay Minerals in-the Surface Sediments of South Yatsushiro Kai, Japan. .  Clay Science10 ( 1 ) 95 - 112   1996年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Quantitative estimation of clay minerals in the clay fractions of the surface sediment samples from South Yatsushiro Kai is obtained from the X-ray diffraction patterns of the clay mineral suite that contains illite, chlorite, kaolinite, smectite and 10&Aring; halloysite. Among the clay species, illite and chlorite are exceptionally abundant and they comprise more than 60% of the total clay minerals present in most sediments. Relative amounts of other clay minerals varies markedly with locality particularly kaolinite and 10&Aring; halloysite and they tend to concentrate only near the point source except smectite which has a more unique behavior of transport and settling characteristics than other minerals.<BR>The relatively high supply of land-derived materials from various rock lithology surrounding South Yatsushiro Kai is the dominant contributing factor in outlining the trend of clay mineral distribution. Most, if not all, clay minerals are believed to be current-transported which shows that bottom water flow and shallow water currents are significant agents responsible for the distribution of various clay minerals.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjclayscience1960.10.95

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その5) -酢酸及びシュウ酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成- .  粘土科学35 ( 2 ) 47 - 55   1995年9月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Formation of clay minerals during experimental alteration of obsidian in acetic acid and oxalic acid solutions was investigated. The experiments were carried out using 0.01N or 0.02N acetic acid and oxalic acid solutions at 150' and 200℃ for 1 to 60 days. The clay minerals formed in these organic acid solutions were examined by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Variations of pHs and concentrations of dissolved elements in solutions during the reactions were measured. By reactions using acetic acid solution, pH-values of solutions retained weak acidic region of pH3.4 - 4.9, and formation of kaolinite proceeded during the reactions and crystallization of smectite occurred at the final stages. On the other hand, pH-values of oxalic acid solution increased rapidly to alkaline region, and then crystallization of smectite began to take place at the initial stages and proceeded throughout the reactions. The rapid increase in pH of oxalic acid was due to thermal decomposition of the organic acid, and therefore solution compositions changed drastically to the stability filed of smectite.

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成-4-硝酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成 .  粘土科学34 ( 4 ) p235 - 245   1995年3月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Experimental syntheses of clay minerals from obsidian were performed in 0.01N and 0.001N HNO_3 solutions at 150℃ and 200℃ for 1 to 60 days. Formation and transformation processes of the clay minerals during the reactions were examined by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, infrared absorption spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At 200℃ reaction, a small amount of boehmite was formed at the early stage, and spherical kaolinite appeared and grew successively as reaction proceeded in 0.01N HNO_3 solution. On the other hand, a flaky smectite was mainly formed in 0.001N HNO_3 solution. At 150℃ reaction, boehmite, allophane, spherical halloysite, and platy kaolinite were produced in both 0.01N and 0.001N HNO_3 solutions. Based on a stability diagram for the system of Na_2O-Al_2O_3-SiO_2-H_2O, it was found that the spherical and platy kaolinites and smectite were formed as a stable phase, whereas allophane and halloysite appeared as a metastable phase. In this paper, we discussed the following problems: 1) formation conditions of kaolinite and smectite, 2) formation conditions of spherical and platy kaolinites, and 3) formation conditions of kaolinite and halloysite.

  • 富田 克利, 山根 久典, 河野 元治 .  低温での黒曜石からのスメクタイトと沸石の合成 .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌89 ( 6 ) 219 - 226   1994年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    大気圧下,85&deg;Cおよび90&deg;CでNaOH溶液との反応により黒曜石からスメクタイトと沸石が生成した。スメクタイトと種々の沸石の生成条件は火山ガラスの量 (g) と溶液中のNaOHの量 (g) の比によって決定される。スメクタイトは(火山ガラスの重量 (g)/NaOH (g)&times;1/40)の値が1と2の間の条件の時によく生成した。スメクタイトは溶液と黒曜石の表面の直接の反応で生成し,徐々に内部にまでスメクタイトが生成するのに対して,沸石類は溶解した溶液の中にまず沸石の核が形成され,それが成長していくと考えられる。

    DOI: 10.2465/ganko.89.219

  • 富田 克利, 河野 元治, 鬼塚 浩次, 加川 博敏, 田中 純朋 .  鹿児島県指宿地域の粘土鉱物 .  粘土科学34 ( 1 ) 1 - 10   1994年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Many hydrothermal alteration zones exist in the Ibusuki area, Kagoshima Prefecture. These alteration zones were formed within Ata caldera at the southern end of Kyushu. The original rocks of these altered ones are the in-filling volcanic rocks of the caldera. The altered zones were formed after the eruption of Ata pyroclastic flow which occurred 43, 910 years ago. Volcanic rocks erupted after the Ikeda pyroclastic flow deposits were scarcely altered. Therefore, these altered zones were probably formed after the eruption of the Ata pyroclastic flow and before the Ikeda pyroclastic flow. Clay minerals in some alteration zones were likewise studied. Altered minerals such as cristobalite, tridymite, alunite, kaolinite, 10 &Aring;-halloysite, boehmite, heulandite and some iron minerals were observed in this area. Some of these zones were divided into three zones characterized by the presence of altered minerals. These are cristobalite zone, kaolinite zone and smectite zone from the inner silicified part to the outer part.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.34.1

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その3) 純水閉鎖系100℃での反応:純水閉鎖系100℃ での反応 .  粘土科学34 ( 2 ) 80 - 88   1994年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Experimental alteration of obsidian was performed in distilled-deionized water at 100&deg;C for up to 365 days to elucidate formation processes of clay minerals at relatively low temperature condition. The alteration products were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The surface compositions of obsidian before and after alteration were also examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to clarify dissolution processes. For reaction products, allophane, fibrous boehmite, and halloysite were formed at early stage while fibrous smectite appeared later. Based on the activity diagram for the system of Na<SUB>2</SUB> OAl<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB>-SiO<SUB>2</SUB>-H<SUB>2</SUB>O, it was found that allophane, boehmite, and halloysite appeared to be formed as a metastable phase, and that smectite was produced as a stable phase. TEM showed that allophane and boehmite were precipitated from the solution, and halloysite and smectite were then transformed from allophane and boehmite, respectively, as reaction proceeded. XPS indicated that preferential leaching of Na and enrichment of K occurred at the obsidian surface. Likewise, Al/Si ratio of the surface increased during the reaction. These results are probably due to formation of smectite structure in a leached layer produced on the obsidian surface.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.34.80

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その2) 硫酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成:硫酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成 .  粘土科学34 ( 1 ) 48 - 58   1994年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Formation and transformation processes of clay minerals during experimental alteration of obsidian in H<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB> solution were examined by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Dissolution mechanism of obsidian in H<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB> solution was also investigated byX-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The experimental alteration was performed in 0.01N and 0.001N H<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB> solutions at 150&deg;C and 200&deg;C for 1 to 60 days, respectively. Concentrations of dissolvedelements in solutions and their pH values were also measured. At 200&deg;C reaction, alunite, fibrous boehmite, and platy kaolinite were produced in acidic solution, whereas flaky smectite appeared with increasing the pH value above 7. At 150&deg;C reaction, boehmite, allophane, and halloysite were producedat the early stage, and a small amount of spherical kaolinite appeared at later stage. Results of TEM indicated that flaky smectite was formed from fibrous boehmite by phase transition process, likewise halloysite was transformed from aggregates of allophane particles as alteration progressed.Based on stability diagram for the system of Na<SUB>2</SUB>O-Al<SUB>2</SUB>O3-SiO<SUB>2</SUB>-H<SUB>2</SUB>O, it was found that kaolinite andsmectite were formed as a stable phase, whereas boehmite, allophane, and halloysite appearedas a metastable phase. It was demonstrated by XPS that Na was preferentially leached from the obsidian surface independent on pH values of solutions. However, the rate of Al/Si leaching increased in solutions at pH<3, and the rate decreased above the value.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.34.48

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成-3-純水閉鎖系100℃での反応 .  粘土科学34 ( 2 ) p80 - 88   1994年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Experimental alteration of obsidian was performed in distilled-deionized water at 100℃ for up to 365 days to elucidate formation processes of clay minerals at relatively low temperature condition. The alteration products were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The surface compositions of obsidian before and after alteration were also examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to clarify dissolution processes. For reaction products, allophane, fibrous boehmite, and halloysite were formed at early stage while fibrous smectite appeared later. Based on the activity diagram for the system of Na_2O-Al_2O_3-SiO_2-H_2O, it was found that allophane, boehmite, and halloysite appeared to be formed as a metastable phase, and that smectite was produced as a stable phase. TEM showed that allophane and boehmite were precipitated from the solution, and halloysite and smectite were then transformed from allophane and boehmite, respectively, as reaction proceeded. XPS indicated that preferential leaching of Na and enrichment of K occurred at the obsidian surface. Likewise, Al/Si ratio of the surface increased during the reaction. These results are probably due to formation of smectite structure in a leached layer produced on the obsidian surface.

  • Tomita K. .  Synthesis of smectite from volcanic glass at low temperature .  Clays and Clay Minerals41 ( 6 ) 655 - 661   1993年12月査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1993.0410603

    Scopus

  • 富田 克利, 河野 元治, 小林 哲夫, 神野 好孝 .  1992年に霧島火山群新燃岳から噴出した火山灰中の粘土鉱物 .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌88 ( 3 ) 114 - 120   1993年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    1992年に新燃岳から噴出した火山灰が研究された。占有鉱物としては,長石,輝石,角閃石,クリストバル石の他にスメクタイトと石膏が認められた。このスメクタイトはEDX分析により,鉄を多く含むスメクタイトであることがわかった。このスメクタイトは,噴火が起こる前に火口中または火口直下で比較的低温の熱水によって岩石が変質されてでぎたものである。

    DOI: 10.2465/ganko.88.114

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成 その1 Alイオン添加の影響:A1イオン添加の影響 .  粘土科学33 ( 2 ) 59 - 71   1993年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Experimental alterations of obsidian were performed in 20, 50, and 100ppm of AlCl<SUB>3</SUB> solutions at 150&deg; and 200&deg;C for 1 to 60days. The alteration products were examined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The surface morphology and composition of obsidian before and after alteration were examined by SEM and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The pH-value of solution before reaction is approximately 2.0, and it increased progressively proceeding the dissolution of obsidian. The alteration products appeared in this reaction system were strongly dependent on pH-values of solutions. XRD and TEM showed that boehmite, spherical kaolinite and precursor of smectite exhibiting fibrous habit were mainly formed in acidic solutions. However, smectite appeared as predominant reaction product in solutions at pH>5.0, and the spherical kaolinite began to decompose at that pH range. XPS indicated that Al-rich layer was formed on the surface of obsidian by cation exchange reaction between Si and Al in solution during the initial dissolution stage. The Al-rich layer began to dissolve into the solution with increasing pH of solutions.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.33.59

  • 富田 克利, 堀江 正治, 河野 元治 .  琵琶湖底1,400mボーリングコア試料中の上部800mの鉱物組成 .  岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌87 ( 12 ) 481 - 490   1992年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    琵琶湖底の1,400mボーリングコア試料について鉱物学的に検討した。組成鉱物は,主に石英,長石,それにスメクタイト,クロライト,イライト,カオリナイトの粘土鉱物である。この他に少量の沸石,角せん石,菱鉄鉱などが含まれている。石英,長石はどの試料にも含まれており,イライト,クロライト,カオリナイトもほとんどの試料に含まれている。スメクタイトに関しては極く少量含む試料やほとんど含んでいない試料がある。この事から,古い時代の琵琶湖の大きさの大小(水位の上下)の変化を推定することができる。スメクタイトの含有量の多い試料が堆積した時代は,琵琶湖は大きかったと推定され,少ない場合はその逆である。スメクタイト,石英,長石の含有量の変化から,これまでに琵琶湖におけるこれらの堆積物に変化を与えたような環境の変化が数回あったことが推定できる。

    DOI: 10.2465/ganko.87.481

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  南薩型珪化岩鉱床に伴うスド-アイトとトスダイト .  粘土科学31 ( 1 ) p44 - 51   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本粘土学会  

    Sudoite and tosudite were found in hydrothermal alteration aureole of Nansatsu-type silicified rock deposit in the Makurazaki area, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The d(060) values of the sudoite and tosudite are 1.508 and 1.506A, respectively. The structural formula of the sudoite is (Al_<2.08> Mg_<2.56> Fe^<3+>_<0.40> Ti_<0.06> Li_<0.02> K_<0.04> Na_<0.02>)(OH)_<12> A1_<4.00>(Si_7.08> Al_<0.92>)O_<20>(OH)_4,and that of the tosudite is (Al_<1.26> Mg_<1.60> Fe^<3+>_<0.11> Ti_<0.01> Li_<0.01> Mn_<0.01> K_<0.17> Na_<0.03>)(OH)_6 A1_<4.00>(Si_<6.46> Al1.54)O_<20>(OH)_4. These specimens are characterized by relatively large amounts of Mg and very small amounts of Li. The basal spacing of tosudite is 29.77A under 50% relative humidity, and it changed to 31.37A after ethylene glycol solvation and to 23.74A after heating at 500℃ for 1 hr. The basal spacing of Mg-saturated tosudite sample expanded to 31.41 and 32.17A after ethylene glycol and glycerol solvation, respectively. However, K-saturated sample showed resistivity against the expansion by these treatments. Based on statistic analysis of chemical composition, a positive relationship was recognized between the number of tetrahedral Al and that of octahedral Mg. The result suggests that the small expansion ability of K-saturated present tosudite sample may be attributable to higher negative charge of the tetrahedral sheets.

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  鹿児島県入来カオリン鉱床産カオリナイトの鉱物学的性質と生成過程 .  粘土科学30 ( 4 ) 229 - 239   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    The mineralogical properties and formation process of kaolinite from the Iriki kaolin deposit were studies. The Hinckley indices of the kaolinite samples have the value between 1.06 and 1.75 indicating relatively ordered structure. The IR absorption frequencies related to Si-0 vibration shifted linearly with increasing degree of disorder. The electron microscopic observation suggested that the kaolinite was formed from smectite under hydrothermal conditions. The growth process of the kaolinite can be divided into two stages. The first stage is formation of irregular-shaped particles. The second stage is dissolution of the irregular-shaped particles and growth of hexagonal-shaped particles. This formation process is controlled by the Ostwald ripening mechanism.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.30.229

  • 河野 元治, 下田 右, 富田 克利 .  明ばん石‐ナトリウム明ばん石固溶体の合成と高温相変化 .  鉱物学雜誌20 ( 1 ) 13 - 23   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    The alunite-natroalunite solid solution series were synthesized by precipitation from mixed solutions of K<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB>, Na<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB>, and Al<SUB>2</SUB> (SO<SUB>4</SUB>)<SUB>3</SUB> for 2 days' reaction at boiling temperature. The K ions in the initial solution were preferentially taken into structure during crystallization of the alunite, and amounts of products formed in this reaction decreased with decreasing K mol% of the solution. The calculated structural formulae on the basis of SO<SUB>4</SUB>=2 indicate that the synthetic alunites contain H<SUB>3</SUB>O ions in the A sites, which increased from 11 to 19 mol% with decreasing K mol%. In addition, the slight deficiency of Al ions suggests the presence of vacancies in the B sites. Structural changes of alunites were observed by the thermal treatment. At 530&deg;C, formation of KAl (SO<SUB>2</SUB>)<SUB>2</SUB> from alunite and Al<SUB>2</SUB> (SO<SUB>4</SUB>)<SUB>3</SUB> from natroalunite occurred simultaneously with the removal of OH ions. Removal of SO<SUB>4</SUB> ions from the dehydroxylated phases led to formation of amorphous phases at about 803&deg;C for alunite run and about 765&deg;C for natroalunite run. The amorphous phases then recrystallized into K<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB> and Al<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB> in the alunite run and Na<SUB>2</SUB>SO<SUB>4</SUB> and Al<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>3</SUB> in the natroalunite run. The thermal behavior suggests the existence of compositional immiscibility between alunite and natroalunite.

    DOI: 10.2465/gkk1952.20.13

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  南薩型珪化岩鉱床に伴うスドーアイトとトスダイト .  粘土科学31 ( 1 ) 44 - 51   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:一般社団法人 日本粘土学会  

    Sudoite and tosudite were found in hydrothermal alteration aureole of Nansatsu-type silicified rock deposit in the Makurazaki area, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The <I>d</I> (060) values of the sudoite and tosudite are 1.508 and 1.506 &Aring;, respectively.The structural formula of the sudoite is (Al<SUB>2.08</SUB> Mg<SUB>2.56</SUB> Fe<SUP>3+</SUP><SUB>0.40</SUB>Ti<SUB>0.06</SUB> Li<SUB>0.02</SUB> K<SUB>0.04</SUB> Na<SUB>0.02</SUB>)(OH) <SUB>12</SUB> Al<SUB>4.00</SUB> (Si<SUB>7.08</SUB> Al<SUB>0.92</SUB>) O<SUB>20</SUB> (OH) <SUB>4</SUB>, and that of the tosudite is (Al<SUB>1.26</SUB> Mg<SUB>1.60</SUB> Fe<SUP>3+</SUP><SUB>0.11</SUB>Ti<SUB>0.01</SUB> Li<SUB>0.01</SUB> Mn<SUB>0.01</SUB> K<SUB>0.17</SUB> Na<SUB>0.03</SUB>)(OH) <SUB>6</SUB> Al<SUB>4.00</SUB> (Si<SUB>6.46</SUB> Al<SUB>.54</SUB>) O<SUB>20</SUB> (OH) <SUB>4</SUB>.These specimens are characterized by relatively large amounts of Mg and very small amounts of Li. The basal spacing of tosudite is 29.77 &Aring; under 50% relative humidity, and it changed to 31.37 &Aring; after ethylene glycol solvation and to 23.74 &Aring; after heating at 500&deg;C for 1 hr. The basal spacing of Mg-saturated tosudite sample expanded to 31.41 and 32.17&Aring; after ethylene glycol and glycerol solvation, respectively. However, K-saturated sample showed resistivity against the expansion by these treatments. Based on statistic analysis of chemical composition, a positive relationship was recognized between the number of tetrahedral Al and that of octahedral Mg. The result suggests that the small expansion ability of K-saturated present tosudite sample may be attributable to higher negative charge of the tetrahedral sheets.

    DOI: 10.11362/jcssjnendokagaku1961.31.44

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  X-ray powder diffraction studies on the rehydration properties of beidellit .  Clays and Clay Minerals   77 - 83   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Dehydration and rehydration of saponite and vermiculite .  Clays and Clay Minerals39   174 - 183   1991年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • KAWANO Motoharu, TOMITA Katsutoshi .  Mineralogical properties of interstratified ammonium-bearing mica/smectites from Aira, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. .  Mineralogical Journal15 ( 1 ) 19 - 31   1990年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    Two specimens of interstratified ammonium-bearing mica/smectite have occurred at Aira, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The mineralogical properties of the specimens were examined by chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, infrared absorption, electron diffraction and electron microscopic observation. The ammonium contents of the specimens are 0.84 and 1.45wt%, respectively. The structure of interstratification is expressed by Reichweite g = 1 having about 17 and 31% expandable layers. The IR spectra of the specimens exhibit pronounced absorption bands of ammonium ions at 1428, 2820 and 3010cm<SUP>&minus;1</SUP>. The morphologies of the specimens are characterized by lath- and flake-like habits, respectively.

    DOI: 10.2465/minerj.15.19

  • 河野 元治, 富田 克利 .  2八面体型スメクタイトの加熱処理による構造変化 .  鉱物学雜誌 ( 19 ) 11 - 15   1990年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    Structural rearrangements for dioctahedral smectite after thermal treatment were investigated. The notable structural changes accompanying removal of interlayer water are contraction of basal spacing, migration of interlayer cation into silicate layer and expansion of b-parameter. The important factor affecting the migration of interlayer cation is considered to be turbostatic stacking of adjacent silicate layers. The dehydroxylated structures of octahedral sheet are similar to those of other dioctahedral clay minerals having 2:1 layer structure, that is, removal of 2OH- as H<SUB>2</SUB>O and relocation of residual O<SUP>2-</SUP> to the same level as that of the octahedral cations.

    DOI: 10.2465/gkk1952.19.Special_11

  • 富田 克利, 中司 龍明, 船越 郁夫, 大庭 昇, 山本 温彦, 河野 元治 .  熊本県人吉市桑木津留地域の粘土鉱物について .  鉱物学雜誌 ( 19 ) 71 - 76   1990年査読

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:日本鉱物科学会  

    Altered volcanic rocks are distributed in the Kuwanokizuru area, Hitoyoshi City, Kumamoto Prefecture. Constituent minerals in the altered rocks are smectite, mixed-layered mica/smectite, mixed-layered chlorite/smectite, chlorite, kaolinite, pyrite, quartz and &alpha;-cristobalite. Distribution of clay minerals in this area could be divided into two zones, mixed-layered mica/ smectite zone and smectite zone. In the mixed-layered zone, mixed-layered mica/smectite having high % of mica is present at two places. Furthermore, smectite % of this mixed-layered mica/smectite decreases and its Reichweite changes from 1 to 3, from the margin toward these places.

    DOI: 10.2465/gkk1952.19.Special_71

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K .  X-ray studies of rehydration behaviors for montmorillonit .  Clay Science7   277 - 287   1989年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Hydration states in interlayer of hydromuscovite .  Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geolog84   159 - 167   1989年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K .  Rehydration properties of Na-rectorite from Makurazaki, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japa .  Mineralogical Journa14   351 - 375   1989年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • Kawano, M. and Tomita, K. .  Ammonium-bearing dioctahedral 2M1 mica from Aira district, Kagoshima Prefectur .  Clay Scienc7   161 - 169   1988年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • 河野元治 .  福島県天栄地域の雲母/スメクタイト混合層鉱物 .  岩鉱83   241 - 248   1988年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

  • 河野元治,下田 右 .  福島県天栄山付近の安山岩中の雲母/スメクタイト混合層鉱物 .  粘土科学28   126 - 133   1988年査読

     詳細を見る

    担当区分:筆頭著者  

▼全件表示

書籍等出版物

  • 微生物の作用

    河野元治( 担当: 共著)

    粘土ハンドブック(第3版), 技報堂出版  2009年4月 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語 著書種別:学術書

  • 微生物反応と粘土鉱物の溶解

    河野元治( 担当: 共著)

    粘土ハンドブック(第3版), 技報堂出版  2009年4月 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語 著書種別:学術書

  • 微生物反応と粘土鉱物の生成

    河野元治( 担当: 共著)

    粘土ハンドブック(第3版), 技報堂出版  2009年4月 

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語 著書種別:学術書

  • Bacterial formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environments.

    Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction.  2001年 

MISC

  • Correction to: Enhancement of Amorphous Silica Dissolution by Interaction With Six-Membered Ring Heterocyclic Compounds (Clays and Clay Minerals, (2020), 10.1007/s42860-019-00045-w)

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   2020年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1007/s42860-020-00069-7

    Scopus

  • Interaction of extracellular proteins on the surface of amorphous silica 査読

    Kawano, M.

    Clay Science   15 ( 3 )   139 - 145   2011年11月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)  

  • Roles of microbial acidic polysaccharides in precipitation rate and polymorph of calcium carbonate minerals

    Kawano M.

    Applied Clay Science   51 ( 4 )   484 - 490   2011年3月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Applied Clay Science  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2011.01.013

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Influence of guanidine, imidazole, and some heterocyclic compounds on dissolution rates of amorphous silica

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   58 ( 6 )   757 - 765   2010年12月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2010.0580603

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Enhancement of dissolution rates of amorphous silica by interaction with bovine serum albumin at different pH conditions

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   58 ( 2 )   272 - 279   2010年4月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2010.0580211

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Enhancement of dissolution rates of amorphous silica by interaction with amino acids in solution at pH 4

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   57 ( 2 )   161 - 167   2009年4月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2009.0570203

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • The effect of amino acids on the dissolution rates of amorphous silica in near-neutral solution

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   55 ( 4 )   361 - 368   2007年8月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2007.0550404

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • 微生物起源有機分子に対するスメクタイトの安定性

    河野元治

    人工バリアの長期安定性、長期耐食性評価に関する調査研究(人財団法人原子力安全研究協会)   131 - 147   2005年

  • Rates of bacterially promoted dissolution of amorphous silica under no-nutrient conditions

    Kawano, M, Tomita, K

    Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction   1305 - 1308   2004年

  • スメクタイトの溶解に及ぼす腐植物質及び微生物の影響

    人工バリアの長期安定性、長期耐食性評価に関する調査研究及び技術レビュー(財団法人原子力安全研究協会)   44 - 64   2004年

  • Synthesis of smectite from pyroclastic flow deposit

    Proceedings of an International Symposium on Minerals and Materials Processing   93 - 106   2004年

  • Microbiotic formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environment of a pyroclastic deposit

    M Kawano, K Tomita

    CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS   50 ( 1 )   99 - 110   2002年2月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY  

    Bacterial mineralization in weathered pyroclastic deposits of the Kaimondake volcanic ash (4040 ybp) and the Koya pyroclastic flow, (6400 ybp) was investigated to evaluate the impacts of bacteria on mineral formation, and to characterize the microbiogenic minerals in the weathering environment. The mineralogy of abiogenic weathering products was also investigated for comparison with the microbiogenic products. and mineral saturation indices were calculated for porewaters using the PHREEQC computer code. The results indicated that these weathered pyroclastic deposits contain 10(8)-10(9) cells/g, consisting of spherical to rod-shaped bacteria. Associated abiogenic allophane had an Al/Si ratio ranging from 1.01 to 2.13. The bacterial cell surfaces were completely or partially covered by poorly-ordered silicate minerals, which Could be divided into two groups based on their chemical and morphological characteristics. Group I was characterized by well developed fibrous to smectite-like flaky habits with variable Al, Si and Fe, corresponding to compositions between proto-imogolite allophane and chamosite. These Al-Si-Fe minerals were the most abundant and major microbiogenic products in both lithologies. Group II exhibited poorly-developed aggregates of allophane-like granular materials composed mainly of Al and Si with minor Fe. Geochemical calculations revealed that the porewaters were saturated with respect to allophane and other crystalline clay minerals such as halloysite, kaolinite, montmorillonite and nontronite. These microbiogenic minerals may be formed as the earliest phase of these clay minerals after interaction of the bacterial cell surfaces with dissolved cations mainly Si, Al and Fe, in the porewaters.

    DOI: 10.1346/000986002761002865

    Web of Science

  • Microbiotic formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environment of a pyroclastic deposit.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   50, 98-110   2002年

     詳細を見る

  • Synthesis of smectite from igneous rock at atmospheric pressure.

    Clay Science   11, 585-599   2002年

     詳細を見る

  • Synthesis of smectite from igneous rock at atmospheric pressure

    Tomita, K, Kawano, M

    Clay Science   11 ( 6 )   585 - 599   2002年

     詳細を見る

  • Stability of 1-layer polytype of kaolin by means of molecular dynamics simulation.

    Clay Science   11, 601-614   2002年

     詳細を見る

  • Stability of 1-layer polytype of kaolin by means of molecular dynamics simulation

    Shiraki, K, Kawamura, K, Tomita, K, Kawano, M

    Clay Science   11 ( 6 )   601 - 614   2002年

     詳細を見る

  • Microbial biomineralization in weathered volcanic ash deposit and formation of biogenic minerals by experimental incubation

    M Kawano, K Tomita

    AMERICAN MINERALOGIST   86 ( 4 )   400 - 410   2001年4月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:MINERALOGICAL SOC AMER  

    Microbial biomineralization in a weathered volcanic ash deposit from the 1914 to 1915 A.D. eruption of Sakurajima volcano was investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The solution chemistry of pore water was also analyzed to elucidate saturation conditions. In addition, experimental incubations of bacteria collected from the volcanic ash were performed to confirm bacterial mineralization, TEM revealed that the weathered volcanic ash contains significant amounts of spherical to rod-shaped bacteria ranging from 1.3 x 10(8) to 2.6 x 10(8) cell/g, most of which have cell wall surfaces that are completely covered or decorated by either massive aggregates of allophane-like granular materials or irregular aggregates of smectite-like fibers and/or flakes. EDX confirmed that the granular minerals have chemical compositions similar to proto-imogolite allophane, whereas the smectite-like fibers and/or flakes show a wide range of chemical compositions corresponding to the compositional field between allophane and nontronite. The volcanic ash contains about 22 wt% of pore water, which is slightly acidic, relatively low redox potential, and enriched in Si, Na, Cl-, and SO42- ions. The saturation indices (SI) calculated by the PHREEQC geochemical code indicate that the pore water is almost saturated with respect to amorphous Al(OH)(3), ferrihydrite, amorphous silica, and cristobalite, and significantly oversaturated with respect to silicate minerals in the order: halloysite &lt; kaolinite &lt; montmorillonite &lt; allophane &lt; nontronite. The allophane-like granular minerals seems to be preferentially precipitated by bacterial interaction with Al and Si ions in the pore water as a metastable phase. The poorly ordered smectite-like fibers and/or flakes may be transformed from the allophane-like materials as a intermediate phase between allophane and nontronite by the driving force originated from the greatest SI value of nontronite. The experimental incubation confirmed that amorphous silica containing a small amount of Fe is formed on the bacterial cell surfaces in liquid media with both Fe and Si ions. Likewise, beidellite-like smectite associated with the bacterial surfaces is produced in liquid media containing both Al and Si ions. However, no minerals are produced in the same media containing no metal ions or no bacteria. These results imply that bacteria play an important role in the accumulation of metal ions and in the formation of silicate minerals during weathering of volcanic ash.

    Web of Science

  • Microbial biomineralization in weathered volcanic ash deposit and formation of biogenic minerals by experimental incubation

    M Kawano, K Tomita

    AMERICAN MINERALOGIST   86 ( 4 )   400 - 410   2001年4月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:MINERALOGICAL SOC AMER  

    Microbial biomineralization in a weathered volcanic ash deposit from the 1914 to 1915 A.D. eruption of Sakurajima volcano was investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The solution chemistry of pore water was also analyzed to elucidate saturation conditions. In addition, experimental incubations of bacteria collected from the volcanic ash were performed to confirm bacterial mineralization, TEM revealed that the weathered volcanic ash contains significant amounts of spherical to rod-shaped bacteria ranging from 1.3 x 10(8) to 2.6 x 10(8) cell/g, most of which have cell wall surfaces that are completely covered or decorated by either massive aggregates of allophane-like granular materials or irregular aggregates of smectite-like fibers and/or flakes. EDX confirmed that the granular minerals have chemical compositions similar to proto-imogolite allophane, whereas the smectite-like fibers and/or flakes show a wide range of chemical compositions corresponding to the compositional field between allophane and nontronite. The volcanic ash contains about 22 wt% of pore water, which is slightly acidic, relatively low redox potential, and enriched in Si, Na, Cl-, and SO42- ions. The saturation indices (SI) calculated by the PHREEQC geochemical code indicate that the pore water is almost saturated with respect to amorphous Al(OH)(3), ferrihydrite, amorphous silica, and cristobalite, and significantly oversaturated with respect to silicate minerals in the order: halloysite &lt; kaolinite &lt; montmorillonite &lt; allophane &lt; nontronite. The allophane-like granular minerals seems to be preferentially precipitated by bacterial interaction with Al and Si ions in the pore water as a metastable phase. The poorly ordered smectite-like fibers and/or flakes may be transformed from the allophane-like materials as a intermediate phase between allophane and nontronite by the driving force originated from the greatest SI value of nontronite. The experimental incubation confirmed that amorphous silica containing a small amount of Fe is formed on the bacterial cell surfaces in liquid media with both Fe and Si ions. Likewise, beidellite-like smectite associated with the bacterial surfaces is produced in liquid media containing both Al and Si ions. However, no minerals are produced in the same media containing no metal ions or no bacteria. These results imply that bacteria play an important role in the accumulation of metal ions and in the formation of silicate minerals during weathering of volcanic ash.

    Web of Science

  • TEM-EDX, study of weathered layers on the surface of volcanic glass, bytownite, and hypersthene in volcanic ash from Sakurajima volcano, Japan

    M Kawano, K Tomita

    AMERICAN MINERALOGIST   86 ( 3 )   284 - 292   2001年3月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:MINERALOGICAL SOC AMER  

    Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis were used to characterize naturally weathered layers on the surface of volcanic glass, bytownite, hypersthene, and secondary precipitates in volcanic ash erupted from the Sakurajima volcano, Japan. TEM analysis of the volcanic ash revealed sharply, bounded, leached layers on the surface of the volcanic glass and bytownite that were thin structureless coatings mostly less than or equal to0.1 mum thick. EDX analysis showed that the leached layer on the volcanic glass surface is preferentially depleted in Si and enriched in Al relative to its parent matrix, whereas the leached layer on the bytownite surface is extremely depleted in Al and enriched in Si relative to the original bytownite matrix. These chemical characteristics of the weathered layers indicate that incipient dissolution of volcanic glass and bytownite proceeded by preferential leaching of Si and Al, respectively. On the surface of hypersthene, a noncrystalline weathered layer generally &lt;0.01 &lt;mu&gt;m in thickness, which has nearly the same composition as that of the parent matrix, was observed. This weathered layer was produced by precipitation of noncrystalline hydrous ferric oxide with partly developed to poorly crystallized Fe-Si-Mg rich phyllosilicate. The volcanic ash sample contains small amounts of noncrystalline secondary precipitates exhibiting three distinct morphologies: (1) aggregates of very fine fibers, (2) aggregates of fine fibers with crinkled fringes, and (3) spherical forms composed of roughly curled fringes. These noncrystalline precipitates are enriched in Al and Si and contain variable amounts of Fe, depending on their morphology. The Fe content of these materials decreases drastically in the sequence morphology 1 --&gt; morphology 2 --&gt; morphology 3, which is consistent with the transformation from Al-, Si-, and Fe-rich fine fibers to spherical halloysite by elimination of Fe from the fibers. These alterations of the volcanic ash took place in the crater of the Sakurajima volcano by interaction with near-neutral to weakly acidic solutions under relatively low-temperature conditions.

    Web of Science

  • 粘土鉱物の生成 査読

    河野元治

    粘土科学   40   197 - 211   2001年1月

     詳細を見る

    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:記事・総説・解説・論説等(学術雑誌)  

  • Bacterial formation of silicate minerals in the weathering environments

    M Kawano, K Tomita

    WATER-ROCK INTERACTION, VOLS 1 AND 2   1445 - 1448   2001年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS  

    The bacterial formation of secondary minerals in a weathered pyroclastic deposit was examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The samples used in this study were collected from a weathering profile of rhyolitic, pyroclastic deposit distributed around southern Kyushu, Japan. The equilibrium conditions of pore waters were also investigated using PHREEQC geochemical code. TEM confirmed that the deposit contains a great number of spherical to rod-shaped bacteria covered or decorated with poorly ordered secondary minerals exhibiting aggregates of fine fibrous materials. EDX indicated that the secondary minerals are composed mainly of Al and Si, and variable amounts of Fe. The equilibrium calculations revealed that the pore waters are saturated with respect to allophane, halloysite, and montmorillonite. The results indicate that the bacterial cell surfaces provide adsorption sites for dissolved ions mainly Al, Si, and Fe and promote nucleation and precipitation of the poorly ordered silicate minerals. These microbiogenic minerals seem to be an initial phase for the transformation into major weathering products such as allophane and/or halloysite in this weathering environment.

    Web of Science

  • Characterization of 2M pyrophyllite associated with argillic alteration in steam-heated environment, Solo, Mabini, Philippines

    Edwin M. Mojares, Katsutoshi Tomita, Motoharu Kawano

    Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences   96 ( 3 )   109 - 119   2001年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Tohoku University  

    Localized deposit of Fe-rich pyrophyllite was encountered in the kaolinite-dominated alteration halo in Solo, Mabini, Philippines. The environment of formation of this dioctahedral mineral is related to low-temperature advanced argillic alteration found in shallow volcanic region. The pyrophyllite crystallizes as a two-layer monoclinic (2M) structure with the following unit cells, a=5.16Å, b=8.95Å, c=18.70Å, β=99.87° while its dehydroxylate form yields a slightly different unit cell parameters with a=5.17Å, b= 9.02Å, c= 18.76Å, β=99.80°. The expansion of b on dehydroxylation arises largely from the rearrangement of the Al ions in the octahedral layer and the insertions of oxygen ions in the Al planes. The obtained tetrahedral rotation (twisting of SiO4 groups) of 11°52′ in pyrophyllite is closely comparable to the 9°40′ angle of twist in the dehydroxylate. This strongly suggests that the tetrahedral networks of the original pyrophyllite are almost similarly twisted in the dehydroxylate phase. X-ray powder data demonstrate that the dehydroxylation process is accompanied by a significant enlargement of basal spacing with an observed expansion of about 1.99%. Thermal decomposition of pyrophyllite shows a single dehydration event, which takes place over a temperature range of 500-700°C with its peak at 604°C. The occurrence of this low-temperature dehydroxylation can be regarded as a consequence of significant replacement of Al by Fe in the octahedral layer and the presence of some impurities. Chemical data of pyrophyllite obtained from EDX analysis give an average structural formula of Ca0.10K0.10(Al1.81Fe3+ 0.16Ti0.01)(Si3.88Al0.12)O 10(OH)2 with an average Si/Al3+ + Fe3+ ratio of 1.86. Analyses of representative samples indicate that the octahedral site is filled with 1.76 to 1.84 Al cations, which is relatively lower than the 1.90 to 1.95 Al cations exhibited by ordinary pyrophyllite. This significant deficiency of Al is believed to be compensated by considerably high Fe3+ occupancy in the octahedral site. The source of Fe can be correlated to the previous decomposition of minor amount of pyrite associated with argillic alteration. SEM observations show common disoriented stacks of pyrophyllite plates, but the most visible component of the samples are the loosely compacted stacks in which thin elongated blade-like particles are randomly dispersed in the form of relatively porous aggregates. The coexistence of pyrophyllite and kaolinite in this environment is a consequence of sluggish crystallization of quartz caused by local variation of silica activity, which explains the crystallization of pyrophyllite instead of stable kaolinite at low temperature (&lt
    300°C).

    DOI: 10.2465/jmps.96.109

    Scopus

  • TEM-EDX study of weathered layers on the surface of volcanic glass, bytownite, and hypersthene in volcanic ash from Sakurajima volcano.

    American Mineralogist   86   284 - 292   2001年

  • Geochemical modeling of bacterially induced mineralization of schwertmannite and jarosite in sulfuric acid spring water.

    American Mineralogist   96   2001年

  • Geochemical modeling of bacterially induced mineralization of schwertmannite and jarosite in sulfuric acid spring water

    Kawano, M, Tomita, K

    American Mineralogist   86   1156 - 1165   2001年

  • Characterization of 2M pyrophyllite associated with argillic alteration in steam-heated environment, Solo, Mabini, Philippines

    Edwin M. Mojares, Katsutoshi Tomita, Motoharu Kawano

    Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences   96 ( 3 )   109 - 119   2001年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Tohoku University  

    Localized deposit of Fe-rich pyrophyllite was encountered in the kaolinite-dominated alteration halo in Solo, Mabini, Philippines. The environment of formation of this dioctahedral mineral is related to low-temperature advanced argillic alteration found in shallow volcanic region. The pyrophyllite crystallizes as a two-layer monoclinic (2M) structure with the following unit cells, a=5.16Å, b=8.95Å, c=18.70Å, β=99.87° while its dehydroxylate form yields a slightly different unit cell parameters with a=5.17Å, b= 9.02Å, c= 18.76Å, β=99.80°. The expansion of b on dehydroxylation arises largely from the rearrangement of the Al ions in the octahedral layer and the insertions of oxygen ions in the Al planes. The obtained tetrahedral rotation (twisting of SiO4 groups) of 11°52′ in pyrophyllite is closely comparable to the 9°40′ angle of twist in the dehydroxylate. This strongly suggests that the tetrahedral networks of the original pyrophyllite are almost similarly twisted in the dehydroxylate phase. X-ray powder data demonstrate that the dehydroxylation process is accompanied by a significant enlargement of basal spacing with an observed expansion of about 1.99%. Thermal decomposition of pyrophyllite shows a single dehydration event, which takes place over a temperature range of 500-700°C with its peak at 604°C. The occurrence of this low-temperature dehydroxylation can be regarded as a consequence of significant replacement of Al by Fe in the octahedral layer and the presence of some impurities. Chemical data of pyrophyllite obtained from EDX analysis give an average structural formula of Ca0.10K0.10(Al1.81Fe3+ 0.16Ti0.01)(Si3.88Al0.12)O 10(OH)2 with an average Si/Al3+ + Fe3+ ratio of 1.86. Analyses of representative samples indicate that the octahedral site is filled with 1.76 to 1.84 Al cations, which is relatively lower than the 1.90 to 1.95 Al cations exhibited by ordinary pyrophyllite. This significant deficiency of Al is believed to be compensated by considerably high Fe3+ occupancy in the octahedral site. The source of Fe can be correlated to the previous decomposition of minor amount of pyrite associated with argillic alteration. SEM observations show common disoriented stacks of pyrophyllite plates, but the most visible component of the samples are the loosely compacted stacks in which thin elongated blade-like particles are randomly dispersed in the form of relatively porous aggregates. The coexistence of pyrophyllite and kaolinite in this environment is a consequence of sluggish crystallization of quartz caused by local variation of silica activity, which explains the crystallization of pyrophyllite instead of stable kaolinite at low temperature (&lt
    300°C).

    DOI: 10.2465/jmps.96.109

    Scopus

  • Analytical electron microscopic study of the noncrystalline products formed at early weathering stages of volcanic glass

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   45 ( 3 )   440 - 447   1997年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1997.0450313

    Scopus

  • Experimental study on the formation of zeolites from obsidian by interaction with NaOH and KOH solutions at 150 and 200 °C

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   45 ( 3 )   365 - 377   1997年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1997.0450307

    Scopus

  • Amorphous aluminum hydroxide formed at the earliest weathering stages of K-feldspar

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   44 ( 5 )   672 - 676   1996年10月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1996.0440510

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Noncrystalline materials formed in weathering environments on the surface of earthcrust.

    Motoharu KAWANO

    Mineralogical Journal   25 ( 3 )   111 - 124   1996年

     詳細を見る

  • 水熱反応による火山ガラス粉末からのカオリナイトの合成

    河野 元治, 富田 克利

    粘土科学   36 ( 1 )   9 - 21   1996年

     詳細を見る

  • 地殻表層の風化環境で生成される非晶質物質

    河野 元治

    鉱物学雑誌   25 ( 3 )   111 - 124   1996年

     詳細を見る

  • Synthesis of Kaolinite from powdered volcanic glass by hydrothermal reaction.

    Motoharu KAWANO, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   36 ( 1 )   9 - 21   1996年

     詳細を見る

  • Formation of mica during experimental alteration of K-Feldspar

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   43 ( 4 )   397 - 405   1995年8月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430402

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Appearance of long-spacing reflection larger than 24 Å for glycolated interstratified kaolinite/smectite

    Tomita K.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   43 ( 5 )   643 - 645   1995年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430516

    Scopus

  • Experimental study on the formation of clay minerals from obsidian by interaction with acid solution at 150° and 200°C

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   43 ( 2 )   212 - 222   1995年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430208

    Scopus

  • 低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その5)-酢酸及びシュウ酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成-

    河野 元治, 富田 克利

    粘土科学   35 ( 2 )   47 - 55   1995年

     詳細を見る

  • 低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その4)ー硝酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成ー

    河野 元治, 富田 克利

    粘土科学   34 ( 4 )   235 - 245   1995年

     詳細を見る

  • Formation of clay minerals during low temperature hydrothermal alteration of obsidian (part5) : Formation of clay minerals in acetic acid and oxalic acid solutions.$

    Motoharu KAWANO, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   35 ( 2 )   47 - 55   1995年

     詳細を見る

  • Formation of clay minerals during low temperature hydrothermal alteration of obsidian (Part 4) : Formation of clay minerals in HNO<sub>3</sub> solution.

    Motoharu KAWANO, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   34 ( 4 )   235 - 245   1995年

     詳細を見る

  • Formation of clay minerals during low temperature hydrothermal alteration of obsidian (Part 2) : Formation of clay minerals in H<sub>2</sub> SO<sub>4</sub> solution.

    Motoharu KAWANO, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   34 ( 1 )   48 - 58   1994年

     詳細を見る

  • 低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その3)ー純水閉鎖系100゜Cでの反応ー

    河野 元治, 富田 克利

    粘土科学   34 ( 2 )   80 - 88   1994年

     詳細を見る

  • 低温水熱反応による黒曜石からの粘土鉱物の生成(その2)ー硫酸溶液中での粘土鉱物の生成ー

    河野 元治, 富田 克利

    粘土科学   34 ( 1 )   48 - 58   1994年

     詳細を見る

  • Growth of smectite from leached layer during experimental alteration of albite

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   42 ( 1 )   7 - 17   1994年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1994.0420102

    Scopus

  • Formation of clay minerals during low temperature hydrothermal alteration of obsidian (Part 3) : Reaction with distilled-deionized water in closed system at 100゜C.

    Motoharu KAWANO, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of clay science society of Japan.   34 ( 2 )   80 - 88   1994年

     詳細を見る

  • Formation of clay minerals during low temperature experimental alteration of obsidian

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   41 ( 4 )   431 - 441   1993年8月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1993.0410404

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Further investigations on the rehydration characteristics of rectorite

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   40 ( 4 )   421 - 428   1992年8月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1992.0400406

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Formation of allophane and beidellite during hydrothermal alteration of volcanic glass below 200°C

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   40 ( 6 )   666 - 674   1992年

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1992.0400606

    Scopus

  • Mineralogy and genesis of clays in postmagmatic alteration zones, Makurazaki Volcanic Area, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   39 ( 6 )   597 - 608   1991年12月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1991.0390605

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Dehydration and rehydration of saponite and vermiculite

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   39 ( 2 )   174 - 183   1991年4月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1991.0390209

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • X-ray powder diffraction studies on the rehydration properties of beidellite

    Kawano M.

    Clays and Clay Minerals   39 ( 1 )   77 - 83   1991年2月

     詳細を見る

    出版者・発行元:Clays and Clay Minerals  

    DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1991.0390110

    Web of Science

    Scopus

  • Mineralogical properties and formation process of Kaolinite in the Iriki Kaolin deposit, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   30 ( 4 )   1991年

  • 明ばん石-ナトリウム明ばん石固溶体の合成と高温相変化

    河野 元治, 下田 右, 富田 克利

    鉱物学雑誌   20 ( 1/2 )   13 - 23   1991年

     詳細を見る

  • Syntheses and high temperature phase transformations of alunite-natroalunite solid solution series

    Motoharu KAWANO, Susumu SHIMODA, Katsutoshi TOMITA

    Journal of the mineralogical society of Japan   20 ( 1/2 )   13 - 23   1991年

     詳細を見る

  • Sudoite and tosudite associated with Nansatsu-type silicified rock ore deposit

    Journal of clay science society of Japan   31 ( 1 )   1991年

▼全件表示

講演・口頭発表等

  • Jinyeon Hwang .  シュードベーマイトの有機酸表面錯体形成とセシウム及びヨウ素酸イオン吸着に及ぼす影響 .  第63回粘土科学討論会  日本粘土学会

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2019年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  • 山田英里 .  シュードベーマイトのセシウム及びヨウ素酸イオン吸着に及ぼす クエン酸表面錯体の影響 .  第62回粘土科学討論会  日本粘土学会

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2018年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  • 山田英里 .  表面電荷解析による火山灰土壌のイオン吸着に及ぼす腐植酸の影響の定量評価 .  第61回粘土科学討論会  日本粘土学会

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2017年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  • 宮下真子 .  XRDパターンフィッティングプログラムFULLPATによる非晶質鉱物の定量 .  第61回粘土科学討論会  日本粘土学会

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2017年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

  • Jinyeon Hwang .  アロフェンのセシウム及びヨウ素酸イオン吸着に及ぼすFe沈着の影響 .  第60回粘土科学討論会  日本粘土学会

     詳細を見る

    開催年月日: 2016年9月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

共同研究・競争的資金等の研究

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすアミノ酸の影響の定量評価

    2019年4月 - 2020年3月

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすアミノ酸の影響の定量評価

    2018年4月 - 2019年3月

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすアミノ酸の影響の定量評価

    2017年4月 - 2018年3月

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2016年4月 - 2017年3月

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2015年4月 - 2016年3月

    科学研究費補助金  基盤研究(C)

      詳細を見る

    カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2014年4月 - 2015年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2013年4月 - 2014年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2012年4月 - 2013年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

  • アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

    2011年4月 - 2012年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    アモルファスシリカの溶解速度に及ぼすタンパク質の影響の定量評価

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響評価

    2010年4月 - 2011年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響評価

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響の定量評価

    2009年4月 - 2010年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響の定量評価

  • カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響の定量評価

    2008年4月 - 2009年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    カオリナイトの溶解速度に及ぼす生体有機分子の影響の定量評価

  • 微生物反応によるカオリナイトの溶解促進因子の定量化

    2007年4月 - 2008年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    微生物反応によるカオリナイトの溶解促進因子の定量化

  • 微生物反応によるカオリナイトの溶解促進因子の定量化

    2006年4月 - 2007年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    微生物反応によるカオリナイトの溶解促進因子の定量化

  • 地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

    2004年4月 - 2005年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

  • 地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

    2003年4月 - 2004年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

  • 地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

    2002年4月 - 2003年3月

    科学研究費補助金  科学研究費

      詳細を見る

    地球表層環境での鉱物-微生物-水相互作用

  • 鉱物と水の反応

      詳細を見る

  • 鉱物-微生物相互作用

      詳細を見る

  • 粘土鉱物の生成機構

      詳細を見る

  • Interaction between minerals and water

      詳細を見る

  • Formation of minerals by microorganisms

      詳細を見る

  • Formation mechanisms of clay minerals

      詳細を見る

▼全件表示